Many view farming and horticulture as something that is done on a large scale with massive plots of land. But house farming for yourself and your family is become more popular by the day. If you are a beginner, our veggie farming at home guide for beginners will help you plan and grow delicious vegetables in your own back yard.
Vegetable Farming for Beginners
If you have ever tasted the juicy, sweet flavors and vivacious textures of garden-fresh home grown vegetables, you know there is nothing quite like it. And growing veggies yourself makes the process even sweeter.
In this beginners guide, we will go through the basics of farming veggies at home, as well as planning for your house farm: how to select the best site for your small farm, how to create the right sized area, and how to choose which veggies to grow.
Where to Plant your Veggie Farm
Choosing a good spot for your veggie farm is the most important step in the process. A sup-par plot will result in sub-par vegetables. Here are some guidelines for choosing a great site:
Select a sunny spot: Most veggies need a minimum of 5 hours of direct sunlight every day. The most sun they get, the better the harvest, the larger the vegetables, and the yummier they taste.
Plant in quality soil: Veggies’ roots grow more easily through softer, loamy soil. Mixing your soil with compost gives it the nutrients it needs for a healthy vegetable farm. It will also guarantee that the soil has proper drainage, which is vital to ensuring that the water doesn’t drown your plants or drain away too fast.
Plant in a constant environment: Don’t choose an area that gets flooded when it rains, or dries out a lot. You also want an area that has some wind protection so your plant don’t get blown over or pollinators can’t get access to your veggies.
Start with a Small Veggie Patch
It is best to start with a smaller area that you can manage easily and learn from than to overwhelm yourself and end up frustrated with a bigger area.
This is one of the most common mistakes beginners make – they plant too big a garden too soon. You also need to test how much of each veggie you need to plant to suit your family. Rather plant less than what you need than grow so much that no one can eat all of it.
Selecting a Plot Size for your Farm
A good size for a beginner veggie farm patch is around 16×12 feet for a 4 person family, and has veggies that are easy to grow and maintain. Plant each row of vegetables a foot apart, so you end up with 11 rows. Run your rows from north to south so they get the best sun, and plant the tallest plants on the north side.
Vegetables that grow more than one crop per season include beets, beans, cabbage, carrots, lettuce, spinach, radishes, and turnips.
How to Grow your Veggies
Give your crops enough space: Veggies that are planted too close together compete for water, sunlight, and nutrition, causing them to fail to mature. If you purchase seeds, check the spacing guide on the packet, or check the plant tab on established plants.
Use high-quality plants and seeds: Seeds are cheaper than individual plants. However, if your seeds fail to germinate, you have wasted your time and money. Spend a bit more money on high-quality seeds or guarantee your success by buying already-germinated plants.
Water your farm properly: Giving your plants the right amount of water will give them a high chance of producing large, well-formed, mature veggies. Ensure that you don’t under or overwater your crops.
Suggested Veggies for Beginner Home Farms
The veggies suggested below are easy-to-grow, common plants that are very productive. Always talk with someone at your local nursery to find out what vegetables grow best in your area, and when the best time to plant them is. Consider what veggies you like eating and what is difficult or expensive to buy at the store.
Top Ten Veggies
- Zucchini squash
- Bush beans
Having your own veggie farm means you can save money while growing exactly what you and your family like to eat. It is also a great activity to get the whole family out into the sun for a bonding experience, and your kids learn valuable lessons.